ENT Nuffield Medical

Orchard +65 6950 2869

Hotline: +65 6950 2869

Hearing Restoration Surgery

1.What is Hearing Restoration Surgery?

Hearing restoration surgery, often referred to as otologic or otological surgery, is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on restoring or improving a person’s hearing ability. This type of surgery is typically performed by Ear,Nose, and Throat (ENT) specialists or otologists, who have expertise in diagnosing and treating disorders of the ear.

2. What are the causes?

Hearing loss can result from various causes, and the need for hearing restoration surgery may arise due to:

  1. Conductive Hearing Loss : This type of hearing loss is often caused by issues in the outer or middle ear,such as ear infections, earwax blockages, or damage to the eardrum or ossicles (tiny bones in the middle ear).
  2. Sensorineural Hearing Loss : Sensorineural hearing loss is related to problems in the inner ear or auditory nerve. It can be caused by aging, noise exposure, genetics, viral infections, or certain medications.
  3. Mixed Hearing Loss : Some individuals may experience a combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss, which requires a more complex approach to treatment.

3. How common is the condition?

Hearing loss is a prevalent health concern worldwide. It can affect people of all ages, from infants to the elderly.The prevalence of hearing loss tends to increase with age, making it a common condition among older adults.However, it’s essential to recognize that hearing loss can also impact younger individuals due to factors such as noise exposure, genetic predisposition, or medical conditions.

4. What can an ENT Specialist do for you?

ENT specialists play a crucial role in the diagnosis and treatment of hearing loss.

Here’s what they can do for you:

Accurate Diagnosis

ENT specialists conduct thorough evaluations, including audiometric tests and imaging studies, to identify the specific cause and extent of your hearing loss.

Treatment Planning

Based on the diagnosis, ENT specialists develop personalized treatment plans. In cases where hearing restoration surgery is appropriate, they discuss the available surgical options and their potential benefits.

Expert Surgical Intervention

ENT specialists are highly trained in performing various hearing restoration surgeries, ranging from minimally invasive procedures to complex reconstructive surgeries.

5. How can the condition be treated?

Hearing restoration surgery aims to address the underlying causes of hearing loss and restore or improve a person’s hearing.

The Treatment options depend on the type and severity of hearing loss :

Cochlear Implantation

Cochlear implants are electronic devices that are surgically implanted into the inner ear (cochlea). They bypass damaged hair cells and directly stimulate the auditory nerve, enabling individuals with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss to perceive sound.


This surgical procedure is performed to treat otosclerosis, a condition where the stapes bone in the middle ear becomes fixed, leading to conductive hearing loss. The stapes bone is replaced with a prosthesis to restore hearing.


Ossiculoplasty is a surgery that aims to repair or replace damaged middle ear bones (ossicles), such as the stapes, incus, or malleus, to improve conductive hearing loss.


In cases of a perforated eardrum, myringoplasty is performed to repair the eardrum,preventing infections and improving hearing.

6. Guidelines for Surgery

Hearing restoration surgery is highly specialized and requires a comprehensive evaluation before proceeding.

The guidelines for surgery include :

  • Thorough evaluation of the patient’s medical history, hearing loss type, and overall health.
  • Discussion of the potential benefits, risks, and expected outcomes of the surgical procedure.
  • Informed consent, where patients are provided with detailed information about the surgery and its potential risks and benefits.

7. Evaluation & Follow Up for Treatment

After hearing restoration surgery, patients undergo a structured follow-up process, including:
  • Postoperative assessments to monitor healing and ensure the success of the procedure.
  • Hearing tests to measure improvements in hearing ability.
  • Regular check-ups with the ENT specialist to address any concerns or complications that may arise during the recovery period.

8. Risks of Surgery

While hearing restoration surgery is generally safe and effective, there are inherent risks associated with any surgical procedure. These risks may include infection, bleeding, changes in taste, or device-related complications.

9. Alternatives to Surgery

In some cases, hearing loss may be managed without surgery. Alternative options include:
  • Hearing aids: Amplification devices that enhance sound perception for individuals with mild to moderate hearing loss.
  • Assistive listening devices: Devices such as FM systems or captioned telephones that aid communication in challenging listening environments.
  • Communication strategies and therapies: Techniques to improve communication skills in noisy or difficult situations

In conclusion, hearing restoration surgery is a specialized field of ENT that offers hope and improved hearing for individuals with various types of hearing loss. ENT specialists are highly trained to diagnose, plan, and perform these surgeries, ensuring the best possible outcomes for their patients. The choice of surgical procedure depends on the underlying cause of hearing loss, and patients can explore alternative treatments when surgery is not suitable or preferred.